Guided Language Acquisition Design (GLAD) Projects
Project GLAD (Guided Language Acquisition Design) is an instructional model that incorporates many research-based and highly effective instructional strategies. Using Project GLAD, teachers deliver academic content and language while using an integrated, balanced literacy approach. While originally developed for ELLs (English Language learners,) it benefits all students through the use of high-level thinking and academic language, as well as cross-cultural skills. Students taught in a GLAD classroom are prepared to be effective, literate citizens of a global society.
Based on the G.L.A.D Resources Book, we have mapped several of the G.L.A.D methodologies into Project Pals, as follows: the cognitive content dictionary, exploration report, observation chart, inquiry chart, comparative input chart, and three versions of the pictorial input chart--text version, computational thinking version and a completed version.
The Cognitive Content Dictionary
According to the G.L.A.D Resources Book, the Cognitive Content Dictionary involves students in metacognition, builds vocabulary, aids in comprehension and it provides a picture dictionary for younger students.
In this template, students will try to predict the meaning of vocabulary words that the teacher assigned to them, following it by checking its definition in the dictionary and writing it down. Providing a picture that represents the word and ending with a sentence using the word.
The Exploration Report Chart
It is a type of inquiry chart, in which students can give an indication of background knowledge. The expiration report chart provides students with the opportunity for increased team building, focused on team consensus and on students learning to negotiate meaning. It also provides a basis for scaffolding vocabulary and meaning of information for a unit.
The activity provides students with three photos to view. Each team member picks a photo and writes an observation, asks a question and makes a prediction about the photo they picked.
The Observation Chart
The observations chart is a type of inquiry chart that stimulates students’ curiosity. It builds background knowledge, while providing the teacher with a diagnostic tool. Students working in teams are tasked with observing photos and writing as many observations, questions and comments about them as they can.
The Inquiry Chart
The inquiry chart method is based on the science inquiry method. It encourages students to think, predict and hypothesize. Teachers can assess and activate students’ background knowledge and address their misconceptions. The method is also similar to the KWL learning method - What we Know, What we Want to Know, and What we Learned. In this template, students record what they know about the topic they are investigating. They also type up questions about what they want to know.
Pictorial Input Chart
The pictorial input chart makes vocabulary and concepts comprehensible. The visual and textual representation of the concepts helps it be imprinted in their brain. It also helps organize information and turns into a resource that students can always refer back to.
Students or the teacher pick a concept. They then add an image of it or a drawing to the workspace. We provided two types of templates, one using only text and images and the other uses components, text, images and annotations. Students gather information about the word or concept and add that information in the form of characteristics to the component. Once they have written up all there is to know about the word or concept they are investigating, they will create categories by which the word or concept’s characteristics can be categorized. The student will then drop the concept characteristics to the workspace and organize them into their respective categories.
The image below is the completed project version of the pictorial input chart. The word analyzed here is ‘Ant.’ If you like the idea presented here, you can start by using the template that has only text and images in the beginning and later when you feel more comfortable using the components tool, you can use that version.
We are also using the annotation tool to describe the different body parts of the Ant and their functionalities.
The Comparative Input Chart
The comparative input chart compares and contrasts two objects, animals, or people. It is a pictorial form of a Venn diagram. Students use the component tool to write up the characteristics of the objects they are investigating. They then use those characteristics and place them in a comparative table.